Paul du Gay’s (2000) In Praise of Bureaucracy makes two important points in defense of bureaucratic forms of organization Which two points are they? A bureaucratic ethos ?

A. is compatible with private sector values and includes impartial and equal treatment for all
B. ensures administrative responsibility for the public interest and includes impartial and equal treatment for all
C. ensures that politicians goals can be met even against opposition and ensures administrative responsibility for the public interest
D. is compatible with private sector values and ensures that politicians goals can be met even against opposition

The purpose of a reference group is to serve a(n) ?

A. normative function by enforcing standards of conduct and belief
B. comparison function by serving as a standard against which people can measure themselves and other
C. elimination function by dissolving groups that no longer have a social purpose
D. both a and b

The iron law of oligarchy refers to_____________?

A. regimes that use repression against their population
B. the exclusion of women from the highest levels of politics
C. the tendency for power inevitably to flow towards top
D. the legal system of the former communist countries

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