The term ‘rent’ as it is used by economists. refers to ?

A. the return to any factor of production that is in fixed supply
B. the profit earned by the owner of any housing unit.
C. the amount paid each year by a tenant for an apartment
D. any profit earned by stockholders when they sell their stock

Utilitarianism suggests that the government should choose policies that maximize the total utility of everyone in society by ?

A. redistributing income from rich to poor because this is what the members of society would choose to do if they were behind a veil of ignorance
B. redistributing income from rich to poor because due to the diminishing marginal utility of income, taking a pound from the rich reduces their utility by less than the gain in utility generated by giving a pound to the poor
C. allowing each individual to maximize their own utility without interference from the government
redistributing income from rich to poor because this would maximize the well-being of the worst-off person in society

The greatest advantage of a negative income tax is that it ?

A. generates a smaller disincentive to work than most alternative anti-poverty policies.
B. reduces the cost to the government of fighting poverty
C. would not provide benefits to lazy people
D. ensures that the poor actually receive what the government thinks they need does all these answers.

Rawls’s suggestion that policy should be directed at maximizing the welfare of the least well off person in society is derived from ?

A. the idea that people should consider policy as if behind a veil of ignorance as to what their circumstances might be in society, and the idea that as long as there is no theft then there is no need for governments to intervene and redistribute income.
B. the idea that people should consider policy as if behind a veil of ignorance as to what their circumstances might be in society, and the idea that people will then be particularly concerned about the possibility that they might find themselves at the bottom of the income distribution
C. the idea that people a veil of ignorance as policy as if behind a veil of ignorance as to what their circumstances might be in society, and the ignorant people should be looked after
D. the idea that everyone in society should have an equal income

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