Langston Hughes was among the most important figures of the Harlem Renaissance. Which of the following is an accurate characterization of his experiences before he published his first book ?

A. He was a native New Yorker who did not travel much but who was keenly aware of New York’s complexity and diversity.
B. He moved to New York from Alabama and the stark contrast between these places deeply influenced his writing.
C. He was born in Missouri and traveled extensively throughout the United States and the world before he moved to New York City.
D. He spent most of his life in Washington, DC, moving to Harlem only after he gained literary fame.

Ezra Pound’s “Canto I” opens with the following lines: “And then went down to the ship,/Set keel to breakers, forth on the godly sea, and(…).” Which of the following statements best characterizes these lines and the poem as a whole ?

A. These lines set an impersonal tone which dominates the entire poem.
B. These lines establish a rhythmical pattern, which is followed strictly throughout the poem.
C. These lines are the only impersonal lines in the poem, the rest of which is primarily focused on the complexity of human emotions.
D. These lines establish a personal tone, focusing on a lyrical perspective similar to late-Victorian era poetry.

Which of the following statements best characterizes American World War II poems ?

A. They tend to use traditional rhyme schemes and rhythms, and they avoid free verse.
B. They tend to use metaphors and avoid direct descriptive statements.
C. They tend to use classical imagery while rejecting romantic tropes.
D. They tend to be narrative and confront the reader with stark wartime realities.

In Amy Lowell’s imagist poem, “This Green Bowl,” a handmade bowl is compared to a pond in the woods. Can one say that, as in Pound’s “Cantos,” this poem’s dominant tone is impersonal? Why, or why not ?

A. Yes, Lowell’s detailed description of nature draws attention away from human realities.
B. Yes, the lyrical voice in Lowell’s poem seeks to express universal rather than individual experience.
C. No, Lowell’s poem is not impersonal; it addresses the maker of the bowl directly and speculates about his state of mind.
D. No, even though Lowell strives for impersonal expression by borrowing poetic devices from Pound, she fails to accomplish this

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