A. 10

B. 20

**C. > 20**

D. < 20

# Plant-Economics

## Which of the following ceramic packing materials is the costliest of all ?

**A. Berl saddles**

B. Raschig rings

C. Pall rings

D. Intalox saddles

## An investment of Rs. 1000 is carrying an interest of 10% compounded quarterly. The value of the investment at the end of five years will be ________________?

**A. 1000 (1 + 0.1/4)20**

B. 1000 (1 + 0.1)20

C. 1000 (1 + 0.1/4)5

D. 1000 (1 + 0.1/2)5

## A present sum of Rs. 100 at the end of one year, with half yearly rate of interest at 10%, will be Rs ?

**A. 121**

B. 110

C. 97

D. 91

## The ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment is termed as the ________________ ratio?

A. Cash reserve

B. Capital

**C. Turnover**

D. Investment

## Total product cost of a chemical plant does not include the ______________ cost?

**A. Market survey**

B. Operating labour, supervision and supplies

C. Overhead and utilities

D. Depreciation, property tax and insurance

## In declining balance method of depreciation calculation, the _____________________?

A. Value of the asset decreases linearly with time

B. Annual cost of depreciation is same every year

**C. Annual depreciation is the fixed percentage of the property value at the beginning of the
particular year**

D. None of these

## Operating profit of a chemical plant is equal to___________________?

**A. Profit before interest and tax i.e., net profit + interest + tax**

B. Profit after tax plus depreciation

C. Net profit + tax

D. Profit after tax

## If an amount R is paid at the end of every year for ‘n’ years, then the net present value of the annuity at an interest rate of i is _________________?

A. R [{(1 + i)n – 1}/ i ]

**B. R [{(1 + i)n – 1}/ i (1 + i)n]**

C. R(1 + i)n

D. R/(1 + i)n

## The economic life of a large chemical process plant as compared to a small chemical plant is_______________?

A. Only slightly more

**B. Much more**

C. Slightly less

D. Almost equal